# Tools in Valentina

## Contents

- 1
**Point**- 1.1
**Point at distance and angle** - 1.2
**Point at distance along line** - 1.3
**Point along perpendicular** - 1.4
**Point along bisector** - 1.5
**Special point on shoulder** - 1.6
**Triangle tool** - 1.7
**Point from X and Y from two other points** - 1.8
**Point perpendicular along line** - 1.9
**Point at the intersection between line and axis** - 1.10
**Midpoint between two points**

- 1.1
- 2
**Line** - 3
**Curve** - 4 Arc
- 5 Elliptical Arc
- 6 Operations
- 7 Detail
- 8 Layout

This page describes how to create points and objects, and specifications in Detail mode. For additional information about calculations specifically, see page Using f(x).

Explanations are provided using label points used in the joined screenshots.

**Point**

**Point at distance and angle**

**Adds a point A1 at specified distance and angle from existing point A**.

- Right-click on 'Point' in the sidebar, then on 'Point at distance and angle'
- Right-click on the start point, right-click anywhere on the drawing area, the dailog box opens
- Fill in the dialog box
- Specify the length and the angle of the line you want to create (absolute value or use f(x) dialog box)
- One of the other previously created points can be chosen as newly base point if necessary
- Specify the new point label
- Choose the type line and its color

- Right-click on 'Apply' to preview changes

Once you validate 'ok', the new point is placed with all specified attributes.

**Point at distance along line**

**Adds a point A2 in the axis of 2 existing points A and A1, at distance of A**

- Right-click on 'Point', then on 'Point at distance along line'
- Right click on a point A (which is the point from which the distance value will be calculated), then on point A1
- Fill in the dialog box which opens
- Specify the length between start point A and new point A2
- Specify the other features.

A negative distance value can be specified, it creates the new point A2 outside the segment AA1, before A on the axis AA1.

The direction of the axis can be reversed afterwards to place A2 at distance from A1 on the axis A1A.

**Point along perpendicular**

**Adds a point A2 at a right angle to the segment AA1, from point A**

- Right-click on 'Point', then on 'Point along perpendicular'
- Right click on a point A (which is the point from which the distance value will be calculated), then on point A1 to define the axis
- Fill in the dialog box which opens
- Specify the length between start point A and new point A2
- Specify the other features.

The 90-degree angle can be increased or decreased in the dialog box :

**Point along bisector**

**Adds a point A3 placed on the bisector of the angle A1AA2**

- Right-click on 'Point', then on 'Point along bisector'
- Right click on a point A1, then on the angle point A (which is the point from which the distance value will be calculated), then on point A2 to define the angle
- Fill in the dialog box which opens
- Specify the length between start point A and new point A3
- Specify the other features.

**Special point on shoulder**

**Adds a point A7 representing the shoulder tip according to its height**

- Right-click on 'Point', then on 'Special point on shoulder'
- Right click on points A1 and A3, which represent the height line of the shoulder tip, then on the point A2 which represents the start of the shoulder
- Fill in the dialog box which opens, specify the length of the shoulder + the dart if necessary
- Specify the other features.

It is important to put points A1 and A3 before the shoulder end (for example, on the middle back line and 3 cms after), otherwise the tool will not work.

**Triangle tool**

**Adds a point A6 at the intersection of an axis A1A3 and a line A4A5, so that A4A6A5 is right-angled**

- Right-click on 'Point', then on 'Triangle Tool'
- Right click first on the points A1 and A3 to define the axis, then on points A4 and A5 to define the line
- Point A6 is automatically drafted at the intersection of the axis A1A3, and the line A4A5, at the place where segments A4A6 and A5A6 are right-angled.

**Point from X and Y from two other points**

**Adds a point A3 at the horizontal axis from point A1 and at the vertical axis from point A2**

- Right-click on 'Point', then on 'Point from X and Y from two other points'
- Right click first on the point A2 to define the vertical axis (
*x*-axis), then on the point A1 to define the horizontal axis (*y*-axis) - Point A3 is automatically drafted.

**Point perpendicular along line**

**Adds a point A3 at a right angle to the segment AA2, from point A1**

- Right-click on 'Point', then on 'Point perpendiculat along line'
- Right click first on the base point A1, then on points A and A2 to define the line where point A3 has to be placed
- Point A3 is automatically drafted.

**Point at the intersection between line and axis**

**Adds a point A3 at the intersection of a line AA1 and an axis defined from a point A4**

- Right-click on 'Point', then on 'Point at the intersection between line and axis'
- Right click first on the points A and A1 to define the line, then on point A4 to define the origin of the axis, then click anywhere to define the axis (no need to click on a pre-existing point) ;
- Point A3 is automatically drafted at the intersection between line AA1 and axis A4?.

**Midpoint between two points**

**Adds a midpoint A2 between points A and A1**

- Right-click on 'Point', then on 'Midpoint between two points'
- Right click on the first point A, then on point A1
- Point A3 is automatically drafted between A and A1
- 'CurrentLength/2' can be modified by adding values or functions in the formula.

**Line**

**Line between points**

**Adds a line between points A3 and A5**

- Right-click on 'Line', then on 'Line between points'
- Right click on the first point A3, then on point A5
- The line is automatically drafted between A3 and A5, its type and color can be modified.

**Point at line intersection**

**Adds a point A7 between 2 lines A1A3 and A2A5**

- Right-click on 'Line', then on 'Line intersection'
- Right click on the points A1 and A3 to define the first line, then on points A 2 and A5 to define the second line
- The point A7 is automatically drafted between the 2 lines.

**Curve**

**Simple curve**

**Drafts a curve between 2 points A1 and A2**

- Right-click on 'Curve', then on 'Simple curve'
- Right click on the start point A1 and the end point A2
- A curve is automatically drafted between the 2 points
- The curve is hight-lighted in red, its shape can be adjusted by moving / changing the size of the handles visible on each point, and/or modifying the length and angle of the handles with values and calculations in the dialog box opened in the right-sidebar.

**Segmenting a simple curve**

**Segments a curve A1A2 at a new point A3**

- Right-click on 'Curve', then on 'Segmenting a simple curve'
- Right click on the curve A1A2
- Fill in the dialog box, specify the distance between the start point A1 and the new point A3, with a value or a formula
- The point A3 is automatically drafted, the attributes of A1A3 and A3A2 appear in the Variables table.

**Curve tool which uses point as control handle**

**Creates a curve AA2 which uses point A as control handle**

- Right-click on 'Curve', then on 'Curve tool which uses point as control handle'
- Right click on the start point A1, on the point A, then on the point A2 ; right click again on A2 to specify this is the end point of the curve (note that the curve may be drafted with 4 points maximum : the start point, 2 points used as control handles, one end point ; if you want to draft a curve including more than 4 points, use 'Tool for creating curves' or draft several successive curves)
- A curve is automatically drafted between the 2 points, using the point A as control handle.

**Curved path**

**Creates a curve between more than 2 points**

Works the same as creating a simple curve, but between more than 2 points, just right-click on each successive point of the curve to be drafted, and adjust the angle and length of the handles.

**Segment a curved path**

Works exactly the same as segmenting a simple curve, but has to be used when the curve includes at least 3 points.

**Tool for creating curves**

Works the same as 'Curve tool which uses point as control handle', in order to create curves including more than 4 points.

Basically, when using this tool :

- the first right-clicked point represents the beginning of the curve ;
- the second and third points are control handle points ;
- the fourth point represents the second point of the curve ;
- the fifth and sixth points are control handle points ;
- the seventh represents the third point of the curve ;
- and so on ...

It is possible to right-click twice on a point in order to choose which point will be part of the curve or will be a control handle point (for example, if you chose to use only one point as a control handle point, right-click twice on the beginning point, once on the control handle point, and once on the second point of the curve).

Note that at the second point of the curve, the shape of the curve is influenced by the tangent direction at this point (see the screenshot below).

**Point intersection curves**

**Creates a point A7 at the intersection between curves AA6 and A2A5**

- Right-click on the tool box, then on the first curve, then on the second curve, the point at the intersection of the 2 curves is automatically drafted ;
- If the curves intersect at more than 1 point, the position of the wanted point is obtained by chosing a vertical and/or horizontal correction in the dialog box.

**Tool intersect curve and axis**

**Creates a point A7 at the intersection of the curve AA6 and the axis A1A5**

This tool is designed to draft a point at the intersection of a preexisting curve and a line or an axis specified from one preexisting point.

- Right-click on the tool box, then on the curve, then on one point of the axis ;
- Specify the angle of the axis in the dialog box ; the angle may be the direction of a preexisting line as below on the screenshot.

## Arc

**Arc**

**Creates an arc from center point A**

This tool is designed to create arcs and circles.

- Right-click on the tool box, then on 'Arc' panel, then on the center point of the arc to draft ;
- In the dialog box, specify the radius length (it may be an absolute value or a formula), and the beginning and ending angles of the arc ; if the aim is to obtain a circle, specify the same angle for both first and second angles.

**Arc with given length**

**Creates the arc from centre point A, with given length**

- Right-click on the tool box, then on 'Arc with given length' panel, then on the center point of the arc to draft ;
- The dialog box opens, specify the radius, the first angle (may be a preexisting line) and the length of the arc.

**Segmenting an arc**

**Adds a point A1 on a shaped arc at a specified length**

This tool is designed to add a point on a predrafted arc.

- Right-click on the tool box, then on 'Segmenting Arc' panel, then on the arc to be segmented ;
- In the dialog box, specify the distance at which the point will be placed on the arc ; this distance is calculated by Valentina from the first angle of the arc which had been specified when it had been drafted.

After the point is created, the lengths and angles of the two parts of the arc appear in the variables table, and the result can be used in a formula. Nevertheless, the drawing is not divided into two separate parts, so it not possible to move and / or rotate each part apart.

**Intersection between arcs**

**Adds a point A4 at the intersection of two predrafted arcs with center points A and A2**

- Right-click on the panel box, then on 'Intersection Arcs', then successively on each arc, the intersection point is automatically drafted.

If the arcs have two intersection points, the option between each point is proposed in the dialog box.

**Point intersection between arc and axis**

**Adds a point A3 at the intersection of the arc with center point A and the axis AA2**

- Right-click on the panel box, then on 'Point Intersect Arc Axis', then successively on the arc, the beginning of the axis, the direction of the axis, the intersection point is automatically drafted.
- In the dialog box, precise the angle of the axis or the line.

**Point of intersection circles**

**Adds a point A1 at the intersection of two virtual circles with center points A and A2**

This tool shapes no circles (circles have to be drafted using the arc creating tool), but behaves like a compass to put a point at the intersection of two virtual circles with two different center points.

- Right-click on the panel box, then on 'Point of intersection circles' tool, then successively on each center point ;
- In the dialog box, specify the radius for each circle, the intersection point is automatically drafted.

If the virtual circles have two intersection points, the option between each point is proposed in the dialog box.

**Point from circle and tangent**

**Adds a point A3 on a virtual circle with center point A, so that line A2A3 is tangent to the circle**

- Right-click on the panel box, then on 'Point from circle and tangent' tool, then successively on center point of the virtual circle, then on the beginning point A2 to define the tangent origin ;
- In the dialog box, specify the circle radius, the intersection point is automatically drafted.

**Point from arc and tangent**

**Adds a point A1 on an arc with center point A, so that line A2A1 is tangent to the arc**

Works the same as the 'Point from circle and tangent' tool.

**Point from tangent circle and segment**

**Adds a point A4 at the intersection between a virtual circle with center point A, and segment A2A**

- Right-click on the panel box, then on 'Point from tangent circle and segment' tool, then on center point of the virtual circle, then successively on the beginning point A2 to define the segment start and on the ending point A ;
- In the dialog box, specify the circle radius, the intersection point is automatically drafted.

The point is drafted in the opposite direction of the start point ; in the options dialog box, the direction can be reversed by reversing the start and end points.

## Elliptical Arc

## Operations

**Move and rotate tool**

The move and rotate tool is designed to move points and curves from one position to another, and then rotate these items from a chosen point if necessary.

It is very useful to use it, for example to shape raglan sleeves, or to correct the shoulder balance in knitwear patterns, and far more uses.

It basically works the same as the rotate tool, adding some specific operations.

Let's see an example where the shoulder height has to be balanced.

Here, the front shoulder part betwwen S3, S3', N3', N13, has to removed from the front shoulder and moved over the back shoulder, thus anchored to points S4 and N4'.

It is necessary first to draft a line between S1 and S4 between the shoulder points which are the origin and destination points of the moving operation.

- Right-click in the panel box on 'Move and rotate', then choose each point and each ojbect while pressing Ctrl key, press Enter ;
- Right-click twice until the dialog box opens, and specify the angleline and lengthline of the previously drafted line between the shoulder points, that is for the move part ;
- Then specify the origin point of the rotate operation, here point S4, and the rotate angle, here the difference between the shoulder angles.

**True darts**

This tool is designed to draw automatically fitting darts.

Previously, the 3 dart points have to be placed, 2 points on the line where the dart takes place, and the apex point.

- Right-click on the tool 'True darts' in the panel box,
- then successively on the start and end points of the line where the dart will open, the first point of the dart on the same line, the apex point, and the closing point of the dart ; the 2 points allowing to shape a fitting dart are automatically created and have only to be joined by lines.

## Detail

#### Workpiece tool

- Right-click on Details, then on 'Workpiece Tool' ;
- Right-click on each point of the pattern you want to be transfered in 'Details mode' ; there is no obligation to choose either each point or the whole pattern, but the final result has to create a closed path ;
- Internal points and objects cannot be selected at this step, internal paths must be added afterwards when the pattern frame is transfered in 'Details mode' ;
- Straight lines must not be selected (and cannot be) ;
- On the contrary, curves have to be selected and so for their start and end points ;
*note that if a curve has been drafted in the counter clockwise direction, it has to be selected while keeping Key Shift pressed to reverse the curve direction*; - At the end of the selection, do not select the first point again, Valentina closes itself the path ;
- Press the 'Enter key', name the piece in the dialog box and click 'Ok' ;
- Go to 'Details mode'in the toolbar, the pattern is drafted in the window ; you can exclude label points by left-clicking on each point.

Be careful that once points and objects have been transfered in 'Details mode', they cannot be modified anymore ; so the detail piece has to be first deleted to make changes in 'Draw mode'.

#### Internal paths

- Return to 'Draw mode' to add internal points and objects ;
- Right-click on 'Internal path tool' in the Detail tab ;
- Select points and objects by right-clicking on them ;
- Selection is free and the internal path has not to be closed ; so if you choose to select a closed path, you have to select twice the point with opens and closes the path (see the example of an internal waist dart below) ;
- Once the selection is done, press the Enter Key, a dialog box opens ;
- Fill in the internal path name, the type of path (may be custom seam allowance if it has been drafted in 'Draw mode'), the line style, and the name of the detail piece to which the internal path will be added, click 'Ok' ;
- The path is added to the piece in 'Details mode'.

#### Pin Tool

- Return to 'Draw mode' to add pins on reference points you want to use to anchor labels for example, affect each point to the piece in the dialog box, click 'Ok' ;
- A pin can be put on a point which is not part of the pattern transfered into 'Details mode', and used as an anchor for labels afterwards.

#### Node tool

#### Place label tool

- Return to 'Draw mode' to add buttons or special markers ;
- Right-click on the point where the label has to be placed, choose the appropriate object in the drop-down list and click 'Ok'.

#### Seam allowance

- In 'Details mode', right-click on the piece to customize, left-click on 'Options', click Paths → Seam Allowance ;
- Tick the box 'seam allowance',
- Choose the main width and apply, the same seam allowance is drafted all around the pattern ;
- To change the seam allowance between 2 points, selects necessary nodes and modify the Current_Seam_Allowance before and after the point (works in the clockwise direction)

- This picture shows a piece with default seam allowance of 1cm, 0cm for the center front to be placed on the fold, and 3cm hem.

#### Passmarks

- In 'Details mode', right-click on the piece to customize, left-click on 'Options', click 'Paths → Main Path' ;
- Left-click on each point to put a passmark on, check 'passmark', the | symbol is added to the point in the list ;
- In the passmark tab, for each point, choose the type of passmark and its angle ; choose the place of the passmark, on the seam allowance line only or both on the seam and seam aloowance lines.

#### Grainline

- In 'Details mode', right-click on the piece to customize, left-click on 'Options', click 'Grainline' ;
- Check 'grainline visible', and specify its features, you can choose to anchor it between pin points, its length, direction, and the type of arrow.

#### Labels

- In 'Details mode', right-click on the piece to customize, left-click on 'Options', click 'Labels' ;
- Choose the items of the labels in the label data : quantity of pieces to cut, on fold or not, position of fold, ...
- Click 'Edit template' to open the label template editor ; enter the text by hand and/or inserting the preformated fields (note that items specified in label data must be selected with the insertion tool in order to appear in the final label ;
- Make label visible in the label tab, choose its position if you want it to be fixed, and adjust the label size ;
- Right-click 'Ok', the label is placed ; if its position is not fixed, you can move the label on the piece and put it anywhere.

#### Export skipping the layout stage

Once the pattern is ready for edition, it can be exported into various formats including .svg, .pdf, .png, .dxf and aama-dxf. files, skipping the layout stage in Valentina.

Or the layout can be done internally by Valentina.